Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Pierre Corneille, aussi appelé «le Grand Corneille» ou Tite et Bérénice (French Edition) by [Corneille, Pierre]. Tite et Bérénice (French Edition) [Pierre Corneille, Guido Montelupo] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. PIERRE CORNEILLE ().
Although these early pieces are considered less important youth works today, they had a novel effect at the time because, despite their conventional appearance, they seemed to reflect contemporary society, and most of them also played explicitly in Paris. Correspondingly, they had passable to great success, La Galerie even very great success, and early on earned Corneille the status of a recognized author. Although he still lived in Rouen, where he also held his offices, his frequent visits to Paris had given him contact with literary circles and salons, including the Marquise de Rambouillet.
Although Corneille was not considered a witty entertainer there, and there was little he could read from his pieces, the occasional poems he contributed to this or that social occasion were appreciated. In , together with the somewhat younger Jean Rotrou, among others, he became a member of a group of five authors in the service of Cardinal Richelieu , who tried to make the theatre a place of political propaganda for a strengthening of the absolute monarchy. After the Spanish conquered the border and fortress town of Corbie in the summer of , but lost it again after a long struggle, Corneille completed a tragicomedy in late autumn that seems to contain references to this battle: Le Cid.
The performance of the play towards the end of the year was Corneilles final breakthrough.
The play is regarded as the beginning of the high period of classical theatre. Le Cid was one of the greatest events in French theatre history. It became a success with the audience, especially thanks to the love story interwoven with the religious events. After Polyeucte, Corneille followed a whole series of pieces in which he followed the path taken by Le Cid, Horace and Cinna and thus earned himself a reputation. But after this he got into the turmoil of the anti-absolutist revolts of the so-called Fronde against Queen Anna, who reigned for her still underage son Louis XIV.
In , the new minister Colbert compiled a list of authors who were considered worthy of a pension by himself and his young king, in return for which they were expected to write regime friendly and panegyric texts.
As director of the French Academy, he eulogized his former bitter rival, Corneille, and published a new edition of his own works, from which he had removed remarks offensive to his enemies. Although Racine apparently intended definitively to retire from the theater, he was persuaded by Louis XIV's morganatic wife Madame de Maintenon to write two more plays, of a slightly different character than his previous works. These were Esther and Athalie —tragedies written on specifically Christian themes and without any love interest, intended to be presented by the young ladies of Saint-Cyr, a girls' establishment protected by Madame de Maintenon.
More and more a respectable citizen and favorite of the King in his later years, Racine died in Paris on April 21, A penetrating analysis of Racine's dramaturgy, with an emphasis on structure and language, is Roland Barthes, On Racine ; trans. Other recent works in English on Racine are John C. A unique collection of critical essays is in Robert James Nelson, ed.
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Biography Jean Baptiste Racine Facts The French dramatist Jean Baptiste Racine , admired as a portrayer of man's subtle psychology and overwhelming passions, was the author of 11 tragedies and a comedy. First Dramas At some time before Racine entered the service of the Duke of Luynes in Paris, working as an assistant to a cousin who was the duke's steward.
French Theatrical Situation During this period the French theater was influenced profoundly by the famous neo-Aristotelian precepts for good literature. Andromaque and La Du Parc Between the first performances of Alexandre and the first performances of Andromaque in , Racine's way of life changed considerably. Personal Characteristics During the following years Racine retained his reputation for deviousness, ambition, and ingratitude.
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